Musical taste is often determined by preferred genres, but the most accurate way to understand preferences is through musical traits, the researchers say. Single model outline Three dimensions of musical themes: excitement, valence, and depth.
“Arousal is related to the amount of energy and intensity in music,” says David M. Greenberg, a researcher at Bar Ilan University and the University of Cambridge. A study by Greenberg and other researchers found that punk and heavy metal songs such as White Knuckles’ song Five Finger Death Punch were high on arousal.
“Valence is a spectrum,” from negative to positive emotions, he says. Exuberant rock and pop songs like “Razzle Dazzle” by Bill Haley & His Comets were on par.
Depth indicates a “level of emotional and intellectual complexity,” Greenberg says. “We found rapper Pitbull’s music to be low in depth, [and] Classical music and jazz can be loud in depth.”
Also, the musical traits have interesting relationships with each other. “Higher depth is often associated with lower valence, so the melancholy in music also evokes depth in it,” he says.
we Prefer music from artists we sympathize with. “When people listen to music, they are motivated by how similar that artist is to themselves,” Greenberg says.
In his 2021 study, participants rated the personality traits of artists using the Big Five model: openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (ambient). David Bowie showed respondents a high degree of openness and nervousness. While Marvin Gaye showed high acceptance.
“The match between [personality of the] The listener and artist were predictive of the artist’s musical preferences other than the traits of the music,” says Greenberg.
The researchers say that personality traits may predict people’s musical taste. In a 2022 study, Greenberg and colleagues found that despite social and cultural differences, Participants from all over the world demonstrated personality traits that were consistently associated with their preference for certain types of Western music. For example, extraversion has been linked to a preference for cheerful contemporary music, and openness has been linked to a preference for sophisticated or mental styles.
Our cognitive patterns and way of thinking may also predict the types of music we might like. A 2015 study by Greenberg and colleagues distinguishes between regulators and empaths – people who understand the world through ideas and emotions versus people who are concerned with rules and regulations. “Sympathizers tend to prefer sadness in music while [systemizers] Prefer more intensity in musicGreenberg said. “A lot of it [and] Data science professionals [are] He is highly organized and also prefers really strong music.”
Also, both sympathizers and regulators listen to music with great depth, but sympathizers prefer traits that represent emotional depth, and modulators prefer traits that represent intellectual depth and technical complexity.
While personality may be one determinant of our musical preferences, another may be context. Minsu Park and his teammates Identifying temporal patterns in listening behavior People tend to listen to calm music in the evening and active music during the day. “This fluctuation is nearly identical regardless of your cultural location and other demographic information,” says Park, assistant professor of social research and public policy at New York University Abu Dhabi.
However, there is a fundamental difference between people from different cultures. In Latin America, people tend to listen to “more exciting music compared to other people in other regions,” and in Asia, they tend to listen to “more relaxing music.” [than] people in other areas,” Park says.
Age and gender are also associated with certain types of music. Younger people tend to like intense music And older adults tend to hate it, Greenberg research shows. Soft music listeners are more likely to be women, and heavy music listeners are more likely to be men and from the Western Hemisphere.
There are also age trends in how people interact with music.
A 2013 study that examined data from two studies of more than a quarter of a million individuals showed that “Young people listen significantly more to music than middle-aged adultsYoung people listen to music in a variety of contexts, while adults listen to music in primarily private contexts.”
Personality may influence our musical taste, but it is important to note that changes in musical taste do not indicate a change in personality. Even if we change what we listen to, we remain implicitly the same people.
“An introvert may change over time… but in the end, it is the essence of an introvert. [and] “Basically it will be an introvert,” Greenberg says.
Greenberg created a 35-question test that provides insights into personality and musical preferences. to take the test, Visit this site.