Cayo Canela Vieira joined the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station as a soybean breeder in January. He’ll train plant breeding by way of the Dale Bumpers Faculty of Agriculture, Meals, and Life Sciences at U of A.
Soybean breeder Cayo Canela Vieira builds a bridge from the previous to the long run at an agricultural experiment station in Arkansas.
Vieira plans to make use of superior genetic instruments to speed up the event of recent species with enhancements equivalent to yield potential, adaptability in vast environments and general resilience to biotic and abiotic stresses.
In January, he joined the Experimental Station and now occupies the workplace utilized by his former mentor and advisor, the late Pengyin Chen. As an assistant professor within the Division of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Vieira may even train plant breeding by way of the Dale Bumpers Faculty of Agricultural, Meals, and Life Sciences at U of A.
“Arkansas has an incredible legacy of cultivar growth and has a highly regarded program,” mentioned Vieira. “We now have a chance to take this conventional program in a program that could be very data-driven to maximise the genetic good points. If you happen to can shorten the time to determine superior strains, you’ll be able to probably enhance the genetic good points within the reproductive cycle.”
He mentioned the time it takes to develop a brand new cultivar, seven to eight years, might be reduce in half with trendy “predictive breeding” strategies utilizing genome-wide molecular markers and superior statistics. Plant genetic info is collected early within the reproductive cycle after which used to foretell a trait of curiosity earlier than it will get to area trials.
“The genetic base of contemporary soy could be very slim,” Vieira mentioned. “We’ve got a number of genetically numerous accessions that kind the premise of genetics in the USA, however we’ve greater than 20,000 that may kind the genetic foundation.”
In plant breeding, a genetically numerous pressure is plant materials collected at one time from a selected location around the globe. A set of genetically numerous accessions makes an attempt to seize the genetic variety out there to a given species for additional use in genetic and reproductive research.
“There’s a variety of genetic variety misplaced throughout domestication and intensive breeding. I hope we are able to discover and re-breed economically vital traits that had been misplaced throughout domestication,” Vieira mentioned.
To realize this, Vieira combines instinct with information analytics. He collaborates with consultants in different areas of plant science equivalent to physiology and pathology, together with statisticians and quantitative geneticists. Collaboration is a vital part of his work.
“There’s solely a lot you are able to do by yourself, particularly with breeding the place you want a variety of information, which frequently has nice interactions with the surroundings. The extra collaboration you get, the higher your initiatives shall be,” mentioned Vieira.
“Dr. Vieira brings expertise, imaginative and prescient, and power to soybean farming, and I’m assured he’ll take our program to new heights,” mentioned Jeff Edwards, chair of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences. “Soybean breeding is one among our largest analysis packages, and we’re lucky to draw somebody with Dr. Vieira’s potential to our subsequent technology of scientific management and innovation.”
Edwards mentioned Vieira is “an amazing communicator and an amazing listener” who is keen to work together with Arkansas soybean producers and find out about their wants.
“I do not assume there may be any doubt that his program will present genetics that mirror the wants of Arkansas farms,” Edwards added.
Soybeans are Arkansas’ high money crop, valued at greater than $1.9 billion and grown on greater than 3 million acres within the state, in line with 2022 Arkansas Agriculture Profile. Vieira has already labored on initiatives that tackle lots of the issues Arkansas soybean farmers face, from illness and pest resistance to broad environmental adaptation and primary economics to enhancing yield and oil content material. He was additionally concerned in a examine with Chen to determine soybean cultivars which are tolerant of non-target dicamba herbicides.
Whereas enhancements in yield potential and variations to environments information soybean plant breeding targets, Vieira mentioned there are additionally alternatives to enhance client traits in edamame and natto soybean varieties by working with native farmers and scientists from different departments.
Vieira got here to the USA in 2014 after finishing his first two years of undergraduate research on the College of São Paulo, Brazil, beneath the tutelage of Paledin Pinheiro. He taught for a yr on the College of Minnesota and was a visiting scholar at Purdue College beneath Katie Rennie earlier than incomes his grasp’s and doctoral levels in plant breeding, genetics, and genomics from the College of Missouri-Columbia, with Chen and Henry Nguyen as his advisors. Vieira was awarded a Monsanto Graduate Scholar Scholarship in 2018, was named a Nationwide Plant Breeders Affiliation Borlaug Scholar in 2019 and was awarded a Corteva DELTA Scholarship in 2021.
To study extra concerning the Division of Agricultural Analysis, go to the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station web site: aaes.uada.edu. Observe us on Twitter at @ArkAgResearch. To study extra concerning the Division of Agriculture, go to uada.edu. Observe us on Twitter at @AgInArk. To seek out out about extension packages in Arkansas, contact your native Cooperative Extension Service agent or go to www.uaex.uada.edu.
In regards to the Agriculture Division: The mission of the College of Arkansas Division of Agriculture is to strengthen agriculture, communities, and households by connecting authoritative analysis with the adoption of finest practices. Via the Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, the Division of Agriculture conducts analysis and extension work throughout the nation’s historic land grant training system. The Division of Agriculture is one among 20 entities throughout the College of Arkansas system. It has places of work in all 75 counties in Arkansas and college throughout 5 campuses. The Division of Agriculture on the College of Arkansas provides all extension and analysis packages, companies, and analysis with out regard to race, coloration, intercourse, gender identification, sexual orientation, nationwide origin, faith, age, incapacity, marital or veteran standing, genetic info, or different legally protected standing, which is Affirmative Motion / Equal Alternative Employer.