The United States lags behind in happiness and health, but tops the list of electronic power

Welcome to Cybersecurity 202! no. Please don’t combine one of my favorite things, the octopus, with one of my least favorite things, robots that do things I don’t want them to do.

Below: Ukraine warns of upcoming Russian cyber attacks, while the Biden and TikTok administrations move closer to a potential security-related deal. But first:

Ranking of the best players in cyberspace, the usual suspects and the unexpected

The United States ranks 16th on global happiness List, last place in health care systems Among the 11 high-income countries and 129 countries on the Global Peace Index. But there is one area where it remains #1: cyber power.

This is according to the second version of National Cyber ​​Strength Index Today, it’s part of the Cyber ​​Project within the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center.

The index returns after its inaugural edition in 2020. While No. 1 and No. 2 are the same as before – the US and China – Russia moved into the top three, and several countries made it to the list, such as Iran, Ukraine, Vietnam and South Korea.

The list ranks 30 countries across a range of factors, including offense and defense. It seeks to measure capabilities in eight objectives, such as the collection of foreign intelligence or the ability to destroy competitors’ infrastructure. Those who rank high on the list demonstrate both the capabilities of cyber power and the willingness to use it.

“Trying to apply external data and indicators to analyze that, I think, is an important endeavor,” Lauren Zabrik, CEO of the Cyber ​​Project, told me. “Because otherwise you could start the conversation and try to develop that understanding?”

One goal of the list is to look beyond the countries most popular in conversations about the Internet: The United States, China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea. North Korea doesn’t even break into the top ten in the index, which is populated by a good number of “not the usual suspects,” like France or the Netherlands.

That complete top 10 in order: United States, China, Russia, United Kingdom, Australia, Netherlands, South Korea, Vietnam, France and Iran.

  • The biggest climbers are Iran (to 10th place from 22nd place), Ukraine (to 12th place from 29th place), South Korea (to 7th place from 16th place) and Vietnam (to 8th place from 20th place).

Ukraine has demonstrated its defensive capabilities since the Russian war, for example, and Iran has become more aggressive about using the Internet for financial purposes.

While North Korea ranks only 14th, it is far above other countries in that financial category.

Meanwhile, the United States ranks highly in nearly every category, particularly in its destructive capabilities and in its use of the Internet to gather intelligence.

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) met Its cyber force ratings Last year, using a different method and system, but there is still the conclusion that in cyberspace, the United States is at a level of its own.

Both ranking systems have them Draw Questions about their methodologies, but some questioned whether they offered any value at all.

“The ratings themselves raise questions about their value regardless of the methodology used, since attempting to assess cyber power both quantitatively and qualitatively is a purely subjective exercise,” Emilio Yachiloan online pro-intelligence officer and former Defense Intelligence Agency intelligence officer, wrote last year About the IISS List. “Quantifying amorphous issue areas such as internet dependence, empowerment, global influence in governance (no progress has been made by anyone), the existence of strategy, and most importantly, military doctrine (often not publicly available), is more art than science.”

The authors of today’s report – Julia VoAnd the Irfan Hamani And the Daniel Cassidy Recognize some of the limitations of exercise.

“Given the sensitivities of some aspects of cyber power, particularly destructive, defensive, and espionage capabilities, and their dependence on domestic national security structures, states may intentionally shield their intentions and capabilities from public knowledge of strategic purposes,” they wrote.

“Just because something is difficult doesn’t mean we shouldn’t try,” Zapperk said.

“We know the shortcomings of the indicator…but we hold that this is better than nothing,” She said. We know we’re only starting to see these important conversations about cyber power, and we know it’s going to be controversy, which we are very proud of.”

As more states set up electoral integrity units, Arizona has become a cautionary tale

Citing the specter of widespread voter fraud, Republicans across the country are doing it Embracing aggressive tactics To pool the powers and resources of state agencies to investigate election crimes before the midterms in November, our colleagues Beth Reinhard and Yvonne Wingate Sanchez report.

But a Washington Post examination of an earlier attempt in Arizona to detect fraud found it had filed just 20 cases in the past three years, despite receiving thousands of election-related complaints.

Rather than reassuring citizens about the strength of local voting systems, The Post’s review found that the state’s election crime unit has fueled more false theories and distrust while draining valuable government resources — an example of the dangerous consequences that can emerge when public officials use their power to bolster false allegations. Voter fraud is an important issue in US elections.

Ukraine is sounding the alarm over a new wave of “massive cyberattacks” from Russia

And the Ukrainian military intelligence warns of this Russia plans ‘massive cyberattacks’ Targeting the vital infrastructure of Ukraine and its closest allies, specifically Poland and the Baltic State, CyberscoopA.J. Vicens Report.

Ukraine’s Defense Intelligence Agency expects the next wave of cyber attacks to initially focus on the country’s energy sector, with the aim of repelling the ongoing Ukrainian army offensive and increasing the devastating effects of missile strikes against the country’s energy supply facilities, the agency said. in the current situation It was posted on a government website.

“Experience of cyber-attacks on energy systems in Ukraine in 2015 And the 2016 The warning warned of two infamous Kremlin-backed attacks on the country’s power grid, which left Ukrainians without heating or electricity in the middle of winter.

The announcement comes as researchers from Google have begun sounding the alarm about a A growing body of evidence This indicates that hackers and pro-Russian Internet activists are coordinating with the country’s military intelligence agency, and The Wall Street JournalRobert MacMillan and Dustin Falls recently reported.

But Ukrainian advertising Some people are confused in the world of cyber security Furthermore No details.

US, TikTok are close to a potential security-related deal

Biden and TikTok management Detail mode An initial agreement would allow the video-sharing platform to continue operating in the United States without requiring its owner, Chinese internet giant ByteDance, to sell it, he said. The New York Times.

The deal is still in flux. But people familiar with the basis for the agreement said it would require the company to take action in three key areas:

  1. storage transformation From Americans’ data to servers that only operate in the US, rather than their servers in Singapore and Virginia.
  2. Fetch in Oracle To monitor the app’s powerful algorithms, which determine what content TikTok recommends to its users.
  3. Establishment of a Security Expert Council To oversee its operations in the United States, which will report to the federal government.

Next steps: Senior officials from the Justice Department, which is leading negotiations with the company, and the Treasury Department have criticized the current draft as not being strict enough on China or doing enough to address the administration’s national security concerns. That, along with the impending midterm elections, could force changes to the terms and prolong the final resolution of the issue for months.

The Times story arrived on the same day as the UK Raised the possibility of a fine of $ 29 million for a possible breach of data protection law.

Movement to fight spam

Friday, the Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 in favour Agree to a proposal to reduce spamMargaret Harden McGill reports on Axios.

The chairperson of the board of directors said Jessica Rosenworsel.

This is just one step in the life of regulations. The approved proposal, which has been waiting for a vote for nearly a year, seeks comment from mobile carriers on the idea of ​​requiring them to block spam from known illegal and fraudulent numbers. It’s a process that can add more months to the schedule.

Congress is unlikely to take action to update the relevant 1991 law, that does not reflect today’s technology. “The politicians themselves want to be able to send these texts without fear of being sued,” Margot SaundersSenior advisor to the National Center for Consumer Law told Axios.

Monitor knocks out IRS for vendor security vulnerabilities (FCW)

US State Department says Putin may send Snowden to war (The Daily Beast)

How the ‘China coup’ tweets spread, and what does it say about the rapid spread of misinformation (CyberScoop)

Viasat hack “didn’t” have a significant impact on Ukraine’s military communications, says (Zero Day) official

Cyber ​​attack on InterContinental Hotels disrupts business for franchisees (Wall Street Journal)

The US arm of Israeli defense giant Elbit Systems says it has been hacked (TechCrunch)

Thanks for reading. see you tomorrow.

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