The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

What initially appeared like a Dickinsonia fossil (left) decomposed and commenced to peel off the rock in a number of brief years (proper), an indication that it was one thing newer. Credit score: Gregory Retalak/Joe Mert

In 2020, amidst the primary lockdowns of the pandemic, a science convention scheduled for India by no means occurred.

However a bunch of geologists who had been already on the location determined to take advantage of their time and visited the Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, a sequence of caves with historical cave artwork close to Bhopal, India. There, they found a fossil of Dickinsonia—a flat, lengthy, primitive animal by complicated fauna. It was the primary ever discovery of Dickinsonia in India.

The animal lived 550 million years in the past, and the invention seems to have settled as soon as and for all of the controversial age of the rocks that make up a lot of the Indian subcontinent. The invention caught the eye of The New York Occasions, Climate Channel, and The Journal nature In addition to many Indian newspapers.

Solely, because it seems, the “fossil” was a case of mistaken id. The true wrongdoer? bees.

Researchers from the College of Florida traveled to the location final yr and found that the physique appeared to have noticeably pale—unusual for a fossil. What’s extra, big bee nests inhabit the location, and the mark that scientists noticed in 2020 bears a putting resemblance to the stays of those massive hives.

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

The caves close to Bhopal, India host prehistoric cave artwork. Since they don’t have any fossils, it’s troublesome so far them. Credit score: Joseph Mert

“As quickly as I checked out it, I believed one thing wasn’t there,” mentioned Joseph Mert, a UF geology professor and skilled on the world’s geology. “The fossil was peeling off the rock.”

The sooner fossil was additionally mendacity nearly vertically alongside the partitions of the caves, which was inconsequential. As a substitute, says Mert, fossils on this space ought to solely be seen on the ground or ceiling of cave buildings.

Mert collaborated on the investigation with graduate college students Samuel Quavo, Ananya Singha and College of Rajasthan professor Manoj Pandit. They documented the organism’s fast decomposition and photographed related stays from close by hives. The staff printed their findings on mistaken id Jan. 19 within the journal Gondwana Analysiswhich beforehand printed a report on the serendipitous discovery of a Dickinsonia fossil.

Gregory Retalak, Professor Emeritus on the College of Oregon and lead writer of the e book The unique paperHe says he and his co-authors agree with Mert’s discovering that the organism is de facto only a beehive. They’re submitting a remark in help of the brand new paper to the journal.

This sort of self-correction is without doubt one of the primary tenets of the scientific technique. However the fact is, admitting errors is difficult for scientists to do, and it would not occur fairly often.

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

Giant beehives dot the location. Deserted and rotting, they briefly resemble Dickinsonia primitive fossils. Credit score: Joseph Mert

“It’s uncommon however needed for scientists to confess errors when new proof is found,” Retalak mentioned in an e mail.

revision Fossil document The age of the rocks is in dispute. Due to rock formation It doesn’t comprise fossils from a recognized time interval, which might be troublesome so far.

Mert says the proof nonetheless factors to the rocks being near a billion years outdated. His staff used the radioactive decay of tiny crystals known as zircons so far the rocks to that point interval. And the rock magnetic signature, which captures details about Earth’s magnetic subject when the rocks shaped, intently matches signatures of formations relationship again a billion years.

Different scientists have reported findings that help a youthful age. The time interval is important to understanding due to its implications for the event of life within the area and the way the Indian subcontinent was shaped.

“You may say, ‘Effectively, what is the large deal in the event that they’re 550 million or a billion years outdated?'” “Effectively, there are plenty of ramifications,” Mert mentioned. “One has to do with the traditional geography of the time, what was taking place to the continents, the place the continents had been positioned, and the way they had been grouped. And that was a interval when life was going by an enormous change, from quite simple fossils to extra complicated fossils.”

“So looking for out the traditional geography of that point is essential. And with a purpose to know the traditional geography, we now have to know the age of the rocks,” he mentioned.

extra info:
Joseph G. Mert et al., Stinging Information: ‘Dickinsonia’ found in India’s higher Vindhyan is not well worth the hype, Gondwana Analysis (2023). DOI: 10.1016/

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